Pregnant women who are approaching near their expected date of delivery experience signs of labor. However, these women are not sure if what they are experiencing is either real or false labor. For every woman, every pregnancy is different. But in every pregnancy the same definitive signs of labor will be experienced by women. To figure out if the body is just practicing and preparing for the delivery or actual labor is occurring, pregnant women should be able to classify false from true labor.
Labor is a physiologic process during which the products of conception are expelled outside of the uterus. Regular contractions cause progressive dilatation of the cervix and sufficient muscular force to allow the baby to be pushed to the outside. Labor is a time of change, both an ending and a beginning for a woman, a fetus and a family.
A false labor also termed as prodromal labor is common because the exact time of the labor’s onset is rarely known and usually is gradual. This type of labor often causes women to rush to the birth center, thinking that labor has started. Several characteristics distinguish true labor from labor: contractions, discomfort and cervical change. The BEST distinction is that contractions of true labor cause a progressive change in the cervix, thus, in false labor there is no dilatation of cervix.
Signs of true labor involve uterine and cervical changes. The more a woman knows about the true labor signs, the better. Because it is only in this way that she can better recognize them once she is experiencing contractions. Knowing about the difference between true and false labor is helpful to prevent preterm birth and for the woman to feel secure knowing what is happening during the labor.
Begin irregular but become regular and predictable
Contractions last between 4 to 6 minutes apart and may last up to 60 seconds or more
Have a consistent pattern of increasing frequency, duration and intensity
Tends to increase with walking
Vaginal pressure and back pain accompanies contractions
Begin in lower back and gradually sweeps around to lower abdomen
Contractions accompanied by bloody show or mucous plug
Begin and remain irregular
Do not increase in frequency, duration and intensity
Interval between contractions don't occur shorter and remains the same all throughout
Often disappear with ambulation, sleep, lying down or drinking fluid
Felt first abdominally and remained confined to the abdomen and groin
May persist as back pain in some women
Often resembles menstrual cramps during early labor
Discomfort confined at the abdomen and groin only
Includes progressive effacement and dilatation (most important characteristic)